Numbers and Time

NUMBERS

1 – uno
2- dos
3- tres
4- cuatro
5- cinco
6- seis
7- siete
8 – ocho
9 – nueve
10 -diez
11- once
12 – doce
13 – trece
14 – catorce
15 – quince
16 – dieciseis
17 – diecisiete
18 – dieciocho
19 – diecinueve
20 – veinte
21 – veinte y uno
22 – veinte y dos
23 – veinte y tres
24 – veinte y quatro
25 – veinte y cinco
26 – veinte y seis
27 – veinte y siete
28 – veinte y ocho
29 – veinte y nueve
30 – treinta
40 – Cuarenta
50 – cincuenta
60 – sesenta
70 – setenta
80 – ochenta
90 – noventa
100 – cien
1,000 – mil
2,000 – dos mil

EXPRESSING THE YEAR

1978 Mil novecientos setenta y ocho
 Mil novecientos setenta  y ocho
Thousand nine-hundred seventy and eight
2013 Dos mil trece
   Dos mil trece
Two thousand thirteen

TIME EXPRESSIONS
Morning:        La mañana
Afternoon:      La tarde
Night:              La noche
Noon:              El mediodia
Midnight:       La medianoche

IMPORTANT DAYS
Anniversary:              El aniversario

Birthday:                    El cumpleanos
Wedding:                   El matrimony
Appointment/date:   La cita

Meeting:                     La reunion/junta
Conference:              La conferencia

TELLING THE DATE

Today is July 25th.                            Hoy es el 25 de julio.
Today is Monday, July 25th.            Hoy es el lunes, 25 de julio.

My birthday is in June.                    Mi cumpleanos es en junio.
My vacation is in March.                  Mis vacaciones son en marzo.

ASKING ABOUT THE TIME
What time is it?        ¿Qué hora es?

It is one o’clock.       Es la una.

NOTE: In Spanish, there is no translation for the word “it” when it is used as a subject of a sentence.
Therefore, the sentences will start with the verb “ser” (to be).

When it is one o’clock you need to use “es,” which is the singular form of the verb. When it is a number 2 or greater, you need to use the plural form of the verb, “son.”

For example:
1:15 pm – Es la una y quince de la tarde
2:00 pm – Son las dos de la tarde.

Also note that, in English, we don’t use an article before the time. (“It is one.”) But in Spanish, you say, essentially, “It is the one.” – “Es la una.”

At what time is…      ¿A qué hora es…
It’s at…                      Es a la(s)…

For example:

A que hora es la class de español?       What time is the Spanish class at?
Es a las cinco de la tarde.                       It’s at 5 pm.

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