Direct Object Pronouns

We already know from our introduction to direct and indirect objects that the direct object is the noun or the pronoun that receives the action of the verb. The direct object answers the question “what?” or “whom?” The direct object can be either a thing or a person.

For example:

I taste it.
What do you taste? “It”. So “it” is the direct object of the sentence.

I remember her.
Whom do you remember? “Her.” So “her” is the direct object of the sentence.

Here’s the set of Spanish direct object pronouns:

me me
te you
lo/la him/her/it/you (formal)
nos us
los you-all
los/las them

Some examples:

I taste it.                    (Yo) Lo pruebo. (it – masculine)
I love them.              (Yo) Los amo.
Do you have it?       (Tú) ¿La tienes? (it – femenine)
I don’t have it.         (Yo) No la tengo. (it – femenine)

You’ll see that in Spanish, the direct object goes directly before the verb instead of directly after it, like in English. To ask a question, the sentence construction is the same, but with question marks. And to make the sentence negative, just place “no” before the direct object, but after the “subject”. For example: Yo no la amo. (I don’t love her); Ella no lo quiere. She doesn’t want it; (Yo) No lo sé. I don’t know it.

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